Wednesday, March 19, 2014

Companion Planting: with chart of compatible companion plants & their effects

Garden Companions
In nature, where plants grow without cultivation, there is always a mixture of plant types growing in an area. The selection of the plants living in an area depends on the soil type, local climactic conditions, and horticultural history.

With few exceptions, the plants that grow together in the wild are mutually beneficial in that they allow for maximum utilization of light, moisture and soil. Plants needing less light live in the shade of those which must have full light, while the roots of some plants live close to the surface and others send their roots far down into the ground. This is known as companion planting. Companion planting enables gardeners to make maximum use of sun, soil and moisture to grow mixed crops in one area.

Some plants have a beneficial effect upon the garden because of some peculiar characteristic of their growth, scent, or root formation and soil demands. Odoriferous plants (the smelly ones), including those with aromatic oils, play an important part in determining just which insects visit the garden. Hemp, for instance, is said to repel the cabbage butterfly. But while some plants can repel insects, they can also hinder the growth rate of other plants or otherwise adversely affect them.

Below are combinations of vegetables, herbs, flowers and weeds that are mutually beneficial, according to reports of organic gardeners and companion planting guides.

            Plant                                                 Companion(s) and Effects                                                   


  1. Asparagus                                Tomatoes, parsley, basil
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  2. Basil                                         Tomatoes (improves growth & flavor); said to dislike rue; repels flies                                                        & mosquitoes
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  3. Bean                                         Potatoes, carrots, cucumbers, cauliflower, cabbage, summer
                                                           savory,  and most other veggies & herbs
    ____________________________________________________________________________
  4. Bean (bush)                              Sunflowers (beans like partial shade, unless you live up north,                                                                    sunflowers attract birds & bees for pollination), cucumbers                                                                  (combination of heavy and light feeders), potatoes, corn,
                                                              celery, summer savory
    ____________________________________________________________________________
  5. Bee Balm                                 Tomatoes (improves growth & flavor)
    ____________________________________________________________________________
  6. Beet                                         Onions, kohlrabi
    ____________________________________________________________________________
  7. Borage                                     Tomatoes (attracts bees, deters tomato worm, imrpoves growth &                                                             flavor), squash, strawberries
    ____________________________________________________________________________


  8. Cabbage Family                       Potatoes, celery, dill, chamomile, sage, thyme, mint, pennyroyal,
                                                           rosemary, lavender, beets, onions; aromatic plants deter
                                                           cabbage worms
    ____________________________________________________________________________


  9. Caraway                                  Loosens soil; plant here and there
    ____________________________________________________________________________
  10. Carrot                                      Peas, lettuce, chives, onions, leeks, rosemary, sage, tomatoes
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  11. Catnip                                      Plant in borders; protects against flea beetles
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  12. Celery                                      Leeks, tomatoes, bush beans, cauliflower, cabbage
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  13. Chamomile                               Cabbage, onions
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  14. Chervil                                     Radishes (improves growth & flavor).
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  15. Chive                                       Carrots; plant around base of fruit trees to discourage insects from                                                              climbing trunk.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  16. Corn                                        Potatoes, peas, beans, cucumbers, pumpkin, squash
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  17. Cucumber                                Beans, corn, peas, radishes, sunflower
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  18. Dead nettle                               Potatoes (deters potato bugs)
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  19. Dill                                           Cabbage (improves growth & health), carrots
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  20. Eggplant                                   Beans
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  21. Fennel                                      Most plants are supposed to dislike it
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  22. Flax                                         Carrots, potatoes.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  23. Garlic                                       Roses & raspberries (deters Japanese beetle); with herbs to
                                                           enhance their production of essential oils; plant liberally
                                                           throughout the garden to deter pests.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  24. Horseradish                             Potatoes (deters potato bettle); around plum trees to discourage                                                                curculios.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  25. Hyssop                                    Cabbage (deters cabbage moths), grapes; keep away from
                                                           radishes.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  26. Lamb's-quarters                       Nutritious edible weeds; allow to grow in modest amounts in
                                                           the corn.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  27. Leek                                        Onions, celery, carrots
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  28. Lemon Balm                             Here and there in the garden
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  29. Marigold                                  The workhorse of pest deterrents; keeps soil free of nematodes;                                                                discourages many insects; plant freely throughout the garden.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  30. Marjoram                                 Here & there in the garden.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  31. Mint                                         Cabbage family; tomatoes; deters cabbage moth.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  32. Nasturtium                               Tomatoes, radish, cabbage, cucumbers; plant under fruit trees; deters                                                        aphids & pests of curcurbits.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  33. Onion                                       Beets, strawberries, tomato, lettuce (protects against slugs), beans                                                            (protects against ants), summer savory
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  34. Parsley                                     Tomato, asparagus
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  35. Pea                                          Squash (when squash follows peas up trellis), plus grows well with                                                              almost any vegetable; adds nitrogen to the soil.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  36. Petunia                                     Protects beans; beneficial throughout garden
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  37. Potato                                      Horseradish, beans, corn, cabbage, marigold, limas, eggplant (as a                                                            trap crop for potato beetle)
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  38. Pot marigold                            Helps tomato, but plant throughout garden as deterent to asparagus                                                            beetle, tomato worm & many other garden pests.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  39. Pumpkin                                  Corn
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  40. Radish                                     Peas, nasturtium, lettuce, cucumbers; a general aid in
                                                          repelling insects.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  41. Rosemary                                Carrots, beans, cabbage, sage; deters cabbage moth, bean beetles
                                                          and carrot fly.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  42. Rue                                         Roses & raspberries; deters Japanese beetle; keep away from basil.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  43. Sage                                        Rosemary, carrots, cabbage, peas, beans; deters some insects.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  44. Soybean                                  Grows with anything; helps everything.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  45. Spinach                                   Strawberries
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  46. Squash                                    Nasturtium, corn.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  47. Strawberry                              Bush beans, spinach, borage, lettuce (as a border).
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  48. Summer Savory                       Beans, onions; deters bean beetles.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  49. Sunflower                                Cucumbers
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  50. Tansy                                      Plant under fruit trees; deters pests of roses & raspberries; deters                                                              flying insects, also Japanese beetles, striped cucumber
                                                            beetles, squash bugs; deters ants.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  51. Tarragon                                 Good throughout garden
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  52. Thyme                                     Here & there in garden; deters cabbage worm
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  53. Tomato                                   Chives, onion, parsley, asparagus, marigold, nasturtium, carrot,
                                                           limas.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  54. Valerian                                  Good anywhere in garden
    ____________________________________________________________________________


  55. Wormwood                            As a border, keeps animals from the garden.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  56. Yarrow                                   Plant along borders, near paths, near aromatic herbs; enhances                                                                    essential oil production of herbs
    ____________________________________________________________________________


Here are some additional books on the subject of Companion Planting that you may like:
(please click on book image for more details)

              

              







Logo Creative Homepage Banner


















No comments:

Post a Comment

Post a Comment